photo of Baccharis halimifolia

Baccharis halimifolia

Groundsel Bush

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Groundsel Bush is a densely branched, deciduous, salt-tolerant shrub. It is dioecious (separate male and female plants); clusters of white,...

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Description:

Groundsel Bush is a densely branched, deciduous, salt-tolerant shrub. It is dioecious (separate male and female plants); clusters of white, cotton-like flowers bloom in the fall on the female plants. Butterflies, including Monarch (Danaus plexippus), use the nectar, which is also a food source for bees and other insects. This shrub provides nesting sites and cover for birds and wildlife, and birds eat the seeds. Groundsel Bush is unusually salt-tolerant, withstanding both saltwater spray and periodic brackish flooding, and is a great shrub for seashore and bay gardens. It grows well in any moist area. Use this shrub in coastal gardens, rain gardens, along ponds or streams, or for reclamation of disturbed, wet sites.

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Eastern Baccharis, Saltbush, Sea-myrtle

Plant Type: Shrub

New Jersey Native: Yes

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: High

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: Piedmont - P, Coastal Plain - CP

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Well-drained, Medium-drained, Wet

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Well-drained, Medium-drained, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 5 - 12 ft

Spread: 5 - 12 ft

Growth Rate: Medium