photo of Morella pensylvanica

Morella pensylvanica

Northern Bayberry

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Northern Bayberry is a densely branching, evergreen shrub. The waxy coating is used to make candles, scented by the fragrance of the crushed...

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Description:

Northern Bayberry is a densely branching, evergreen shrub. It is dioecious, with male and female catkins on separate plants. The fertilized female flowers are followed by tiny, round, waxy, gray fruits, which persist through winter. The waxy coating is used to make candles, scented by the fragrance of the crushed leaves. The berries are an excellent food source for birds. Northern Bayberry is an important host plant for larvae (caterpillars) of the Columbia Silkmoth (Hyalophora columbia). Use Northern Bayberry in mass plantings for your shrub border or for naturalized areas in your yard. Its salt tolerance makes it an ideal choice for a seaside garden.

Plant Details:

Other Scientific Names: Myrica pensylvanica

Other Common Names: Candleberry

Plant Type: Shrub

New Jersey Native: Yes

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Hardiness Zone: 6a

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal, Pinelands

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Well-drained

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Well-drained

Drought Tolerance: High

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 5 - 12 ft

Spread: 5 - 12 ft

Growth Rate: Slow