photo of Ilex glabra

Ilex glabra

Inkberry

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Inkberry is an evergreen holly with spineless leaves. Tiny, greenish-white flowers bloom in the spring, followed by black berry-like fruits in...

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Description:

Inkberry is an evergreen holly with spineless leaves. Tiny, greenish-white flowers bloom in the spring, followed by black berry-like fruits in late fall and winter. The flowers are a source of nectar for bees, producing the flavorful Gallberry honey. Since Inkberry is dioecious (separate male and female plants), a male must be in the area to pollinate the female flowers for fruit production. Like other hollies, its fruit provides food for birds in the winter when other food is scarce. Inkberry has high wind resistance. Use this wildlife-friendly shrub in groups in foundation plantings or hedges. Good choice for wet sites, such as rain gardens and edges of ponds or streams.

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Gallberry

Plant Type: Shrub

New Jersey Native: Yes

Deer Resistance: Some

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal, Pinelands

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Medium-drained, Wet

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Medium-drained, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 6 - 8 ft

Spread: 8 - 10 ft

Growth Rate: Slow