Photo of Maianthemum canadense

Maianthemum canadense

Canada Mayflower

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Clusters of tiny white flowers adorn this fragrant spring blooming woodland plant that stands only 6 inches tall.

See Details Below


Canada Mayflower has small white flowers in spring and lush, shiny leaves. It sends up a single infertile stalk with one leaf and no accompanying flowers, as well as a single fertile stalk with 2 leaves. Tiny fragrant white flowers are borne in clusters atop this fertile stalk. Canada Mayflower is a woodland plant that stands only 6 inches tall. By late summer, small berries replace the flowers. Canada Mayflower prefers part shade but tolerates full shade, and prefers acidic, moist, sandy soil. Grow your own Canada Mayflower in your shady garden, in natural areas, or along woodland edges. It makes an excellent ground cover due to its extensive creeping rhizomes that aid in its spread.

Wildlife Value: Birds including Ruffed Grouse, and other wildlife eat the berries. The flowers provide an early nectar source for bees.

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: False Lily of the Valley

Plant Type: Flower, Perennial

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Late Spring to Early Summer

Bloom Colors: White

Deer Resistance: Unknown

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Birds

Salt Tolerance: Unknown

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Pinelands

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Partial Shade

Light Range: Partial Shade, Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: .5 - .75 ft

Spread: .5 - .75 ft

Growth Rate: Slow