photo of Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana

American Witchhazel

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The floral display of American Witchhazel is unique. Its fragrant, cream to yellow flowers with tassle-like, crumpled petals bloom...

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Description:

The floral display of American Witchhazel is unique. Its fragrant, cream to yellow flowers with tassle-like, crumpled petals bloom September-December, persisting for some time after leaf drop. As the brown seed capsules ripen the following summer, they split open and shoot out the small black seeds for several feet in all directions. Seeds are a food source for small mammals and birds. Leaves turn a brilliant gold in the fall. Witchhazel oil has traditionally been used in salves for soothing insect bites, burns, and poison ivy rashes. An old folklore tale is that a forked branch of Witchhazel could be used to locate underground water. Use American Witchhazel as a specimen plant, or plant in groups for a hedge or screen. Good choice for a wildlife or woodland garden.

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Common Witchhazel

Plant Type: Shrub

New Jersey Native: Yes

Deer Resistance: Some

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Low to None

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Well-drained, Medium-drained

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Partial Shade

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Well-drained, Medium-drained

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 20 - 30 ft

Spread: 20 - 25 ft

Growth Rate: Slow-medium