photo of Allium tricoccum

Allium tricoccum

Wild Leeks

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This shade-loving plant features creamy white flowers clustered atop a single stalk.

See Details Below


Naturally occurs in New Jersey on stream banks in wooded areas. Two thick glossy leaves appear in early spring and die back before the flowers bloom in June-July. Multiple creamy white flowers form a cluster at the top of a single stalk. Prefers shade or partial shade with morning sun. They are slow to grow from seed, taking several years to reach maturity. Plant in your shady garden with native ferns, Wild Ginger, Trout Lily and other woodland plants. Wild Leeks are edible and prized by foragers. However, over-collection has led to a depletion in the wild population. As with all edible plants, caution and further research is recommended prior to consumption. 

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Ramps

Plant Type: Flower, Perennial, Groundcover

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Late Spring to Early Summer

Bloom Colors: White

Deer Resistance: Some

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators

Salt Tolerance: Unknown

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic

Soil Moisture: Moist

Soil pH: Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Shade

Light Range: Partial Shade, Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Moist

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: .50 - 1 ft

Spread: .50 - 1 ft

Growth Rate: Slow