Photo of Aristolochia macrophylla

Aristolochia macrophylla


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Pipevine is a larval host to Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies.

See Details Below


This fast growing vine creates a dense tangle of heart-shaped leaves. Clusters of tubular pipe-shaped flowers bloom May-June. Native to southern Appalachian woodlands, Pipevine prefers moist, rich soil, and partial shade. In appropriate backyard conditions it will climb a trellis to create a canopy or privacy screen.

Wildlife Value: The leaves are host to Pipevine Swallowtail caterpillars.  

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Dutchman's Pipe

Plant Type: Vine

Bloom Times: Late Spring to Early Summer

Bloom Colors: Green, Purple, Brown

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Butterflies

Salt Tolerance: Unknown

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: Ridge & Valley - RV, Piedmont - P, Highland - H

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic

Soil Moisture: Moist, Wet

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Partial Shade

Light Range: Partial Shade, Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Moist, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 15 - 30 ft

Spread: 15 - 20 ft

Growth Rate: Fast