Baccharis halimifolia

Groundsel Bush

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Migrating butterflies and other pollinators nectar on the late summer blooming flowers, and birds eat the seeds.

See Details Below


Groundsel Bush is a densely branched, deciduous, salt-tolerant shrub. It is dioecious, with separate male and female plants, each producing flowers. Clusters of small yellow flowers bloom in late summer, giving way to fluffy white seed heads that burst open on female plants in the fall. Groundsel Bush is highly salt-tolerant, withstanding both saltwater spray and periodic brackish flooding, making it a great shrub for seashore and bayshore gardens. It grows well in any moist area. Use this shrub in coastal gardens, rain gardens, along freshwater ponds or streams, or for reclamation of disturbed, wet sites.

Wildlife Value: Butterflies, including migrating Monarchs (Danaus plexippus), feed on the nectar, which is also a food source for bees and other beneficial insects. This shrub provides nesting sites and cover for birds and wildlife, and birds eat the seeds.

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Eastern Baccharis, Saltbush, Sea-myrtle

Plant Type: Shrub

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Late Summer to Fall

Bloom Colors: Yellow, White

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: High

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: Coastal Plain - CP

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 5 - 12 ft

Spread: 5 - 12 ft

Growth Rate: Medium