Photo of Chamaecrista fasciculata

Chamaecrista fasciculata

Partridge Pea

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Clusters of bright yellow flowers adorn delicate stems amidst intricately cut leaves from June – September.

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Clusters of bright yellow flowers adorn delicate stems amidst intricately cut leaves, from June – September. Fertilzed flowers produce flattened seed pods, containing 2-4 seeds, prized by birds. Partridge Pea is highly adaptable to various soil conditions, including dry sand, clay and loam. A prolific self-seeder, this annaul plant will germinate each season in growing numbers. A member of the legume family, its roots form important relationships with fungi in the soil, and fix nitrogen. Spread seed in meadows, along sunny woodland edges or mixed within native wildflower gardens.

Wildlife Value: Seeds are food for birds and other wildlife. Butterflies, beneficial wasps and native bees nectar on the flowers. Host plant for various species of Sulfur butterfly larvae (caterpillars). 

Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Sensitive Plant

Plant Type: Flower, Annual

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Summer, Late Summer to Fall

Bloom Colors: Yellow

Deer Resistance: None

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Unknown

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Drought Tolerance: High

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 1 - 2 ft

Spread: .5 - .75 ft

Growth Rate: Fast