large, deciduous tree displaying green leaves and long branches

Fagus sylvatica

European Beech

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This large deciduous tree is a common shade tree, and is found in parks and large yards around the nation.

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The European Beechwood, Common Beechwood, or Fagus sylvatica is a large deciduous tree that provides great shade in an open landscape, making it an excellent choice for parks, gardens, and residential landscapes. With smooth, gray bark and lush, wavy-edged foliage that turns from vibrant green to coppery bronze in autumn, it offers year-round visual interest. The European Beechwood can tolerate a wide range of soil types, and is relatively hardy when it comes to climate. It’s tolerant of urban conditions, thriving in both sunny and partially shaded areas. Its dense canopy also helps reduce noise pollution and provides habitat for birds and other wildlife.

Disclaimer: The nuts and leaves of the Beechwood are slightly toxic if consumed in large amounts, so children and especially dogs should be on a close watch.


Plant Details:

Other Common Names: Common Beechwood

Plant Type: Perennial, Tree

New Jersey Native: No

Bloom Times: Spring

Bloom Colors: Yellow, Green

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Low to None

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Moist

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline, Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Soil Moisture: Moist

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 50 - 60 ft

Spread: 35 - 50 ft

Growth Rate: Medium