Photo of Solidago flexicaulis

Solidago flexicaulis

Zigzag Goldenrod

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Clusters of small yellow flowers appear August-September, and are attractive to bees and butterflies.

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Clusters of small yellow flowers appear August-September at the tip of the central stem, and also develop in the leaf axils, where the leaves are attached to the stem. Zigzag Goldenrod is named for the way that its stem “zig-zags”between the alternating leaf pattern. A woodland plant in the wild, Zigzag Goldenrod grows best in dappled shade, but will also grow in full shade and tolerate full sun. It grows in well-drained sandy soil but also tolerates clay soil. Zig Zag Goldenrod can be easily grown from seed and will self-seed in the garden. It may also spread through rhizomes. It’s a lovely addition to the native plant garden, naturalized areas, woodland edges and shade gardens.

Wildlife Value: Zigzag Goldenrod flowers are attractive to long-tongued bees, small-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and butterflies. It is a host plant for many moth caterpillars, which are also a source of food for songbirds.

Plant Details:

Plant Type: Flower, Perennial

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Late Summer to Fall

Bloom Colors: Yellow

Deer Resistance: Some

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Unknown

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics

Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant

Optimal Light: Partial Shade

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade

Water Needs of Plant

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Size and Growth Rate

Height: 1 - 3 ft

Spread: 1 - 2 ft

Growth Rate: Medium-fast